{    Cnytr   }

{Friday, February 11, 2005  }

.:{St. Thomas Aquinas on the Apostle's Creed}:.


So for Lent, I've decided to post at least one Dominican thing a day, even if it means staying up late to translate some Thomas Aquinas before I watch Roman Holiday... such as now.

I did a sort of "eenie meenie meiney moe" on the Corpus Thomisticum site, and I landed upon Thomas' exposition on the Apostles creed [Exposition in Symbolum Apostolorum], which he goes through one line at a time and ... doesn't mince words, apparently. ;)

Because it's late and I can't find my Latin dictionary anywhere (and am thus relying on Perseus for all my dictionary questions), my translation may be a mite bit corner-cutting at time ... but ha, my Lenten penance is to inflict my bad Latin on you and your lenten penance is to READ it. ;D And so without much further ado, the first bit of Thomas Aquinas on the Apostles' Creed.

I believe in one God, the father almighty, maker of heaven and earth...

Among all the things which the faithful must to believe, this is the first thing that they must believe, because it is obvious there is one God... God exhibits this title: because he himself is nothing other than the ruler and provider of all things. Therefore the man believes God exists who believe all things of this world are governed and provided by him. Moreover he who believes that all things come from chance does not believe God exists. But no one is thus much a fool to believe that natural things are not ruled and provided for and set in order, since they proceed in a certain ordinance. Let us look at the sun and the moon and the stars, and all other natural things that keep a determinate course, since it would not be proper if they were from chance. Whence if there would be anyone who does not believe God esists, he'd be a fool. Psalm 13: The fool has said in his heard, "There is no God".

There are others who believe God creates and places natural things, but they nevertheless do not believe God to be the provisor of human acts, inasmuch as they believe human acts are not ordered by God. Their reason is, because they see in the good men in the world afflicted and the wicked prosper, that is seems divine providence is denied in regards to men, whence it is said in their person in Job 22:14 the clouds are his covert, and he doth not consider our things, and he walketh about the poles of heaven. This is really stupid. For it seems to them like one ignorant of medicine when he sees the doctor giving to one patient water and wine to another, following whatever the art of medicine dictates. He would believe that this comes from chance, when he does not know the art of medicine, which he does from right cause because he gives to this one wine, to that one water. Thus it is with God. For God from right cause and his providence orders things which are necessary for men, and thus he afflicts good men, and sends forth the wicked in prosperity. Whence he who believes this comes from chance, is reputed and is a fool. Because this is not fitting unless because he does not know the art and cause of divine disposition. Job 11:6, That he might shew thee the secrets of wisdom, and that his law is manifold. And thence it must be firmly believed that God governs and arranges not only natural things, but even human acts. Psalm 93 7, 8 and 9: And they have said: The Lord shall not see: neither shall the God of Jacob understand. Understand, ye senseless among the people: and, you fools, be wise at last. He that planted the ear, shall he not hear? or he that formed the eye, doth he not consider? (...) V.10 The Lord knows the thougts of men. Therefore he sees all things, even thoughts and hidden desires of the will. Whence necessity of doing well is specially placed in men, because all things thought and done are apparent to the divine sight, as the Aposle in Hebrews 4:14 says all are open and laid bare to his sight.

[Updateed to add the "therefore he sees"... because that was a better stopping point]
posted by Lauren, 11:46 PM

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